BLOCKCHAIN

Qué es «Blockchain» en 5 minutos

What is BLOCKCHAIN? The best explanation of blockchain technology
https://youtu.be/3xGLc-zz9cA

Aplicaciones de Blockchain: 34 Ejemplos del Mundo Real
https://criptotario.com/aplicaciones-de-blockchain

Blockchain – Tangle – DAG – Hashgraph

Blockchain, IOTAs Tangle, Hashgraph: what’s the difference?
https://payspacemagazine.com/blockchain/blockchain-tangle-hashgraph-whats-the-difference/

IOTA BREAKDOWN: The Tangle Vs. Blockchain Explained
https://youtu.be/I_jNH9BlEEo

Àlex Puig

https://www.elperiodico.com/es/mas-periodico/20180915/blockchain-es-un-nuevo-internet-7031447
Àlex Puig: «Blockchain es un nuevo internet»
El fundador de Caelum Labs (info@caelumlabs.com) explica que el nuevo sistema digital facilita el intercambio de propiedades, no solo de información

CEOtalks de Delvy con Alex Puig, fundador de Alastria National Blockchain Ecosystem
https://youtu.be/_nKkbxuKJpw

Hace ocho años se empeñó en entender qué es la tecnología ‘blockchain’ y ahora es una de las personas que mejor la explica en España. Fundó y dirige la empresa Caelum Labs y está implicado también en Alastria, https://alastria.io/
el ecosistema que han creado las grandes empresas españolas para gestionar servicios a través de esta tecnología y para crear una identidad digital única que mantenga los datos bajo el control de los ciudadanos.
Empezamos con Alastria y ahora mismo somos más de 300 empresas construyendo esta plataforma ‘blockchain’ colaborativa con una identidad por usuario.

Alastria es una asociación sin ánimo de lucro que fomenta la economía digital a través del desarrollo de tecnologías de registro descentralizadas/Blockchain.

FANTOM – DAG technology

https://fantom.foundation/
La plataforma Fantom apunta a ser el núcleo de las ciudades inteligentes y los pagos super rápidos.

COTI partners with Fantom, taking technology beyond the blockchain
https://coti.io/

COTI – DAG technology

https://coti.io/

COTI permite crear soluciones de pago privadas y monedas usando su protocolo patentado Trustchain.

COTI partners with Fantom, taking technology beyond the blockchain https://fantom.foundation/

CRESIO

https://cresio.io/es/
Otra manera de colaborar con el proyecto cresio es adquirir nuestra moneda y suscribirte al sistema WalletHold.
Cresio realiza la primera ICO española con el aval de la CNMV

ETHEREUM

Decentralizing Everything with Ethereum’s Vitalik Buterin | Disrupt SF 2017

https://youtu.be/WSN5BaCzsbo

ETHEREUM alux.com
Crypto Bites: Chat with Ethereum founder Vitalik Buterin
https://youtu.be/u-i_mTwL-FI

 Ethereum se basa en una cadena de bloques en la que cada transacción se registra públicamente con la promesa de posibilitar el intercambio de dinero y activos de manera más rápida y económica.

ConsenSys es la firma especializada en blockchain más grande del mundo.

Dubái está adoptando activamente la tecnología a través de la iniciativa Smart Dubái

En el ámbito humanitario, han apostado por uPort
https://www.uport.me/
, una aplicación que permite crear primero una identidad para que luego las personas puedan vender y comprar usando este registro. Esta herramienta podría permitir la bancarización de más de 2.000 millones de personas en todo el mundo sin acceso a la banca tradicional,
según la empresa. “Es caro ser pobre”, exclama Ashish Gadnis, fundador de Banqu
http://www.banquapp.com/
, una empresa que se dedica a crear identidades económicas con ethereum en países en desarrollo.

territoriobitcoin.com
Ethereumcard
Plataforma MPCX
EthereumCard Web – https://ethereumcard.org/
MPCX presenta la plataforma de gestión de riqueza digital  Web – Mpcx.co/

Twitter – Twitter.com/MPCXPlatform

Medium – Medium.com/@mpcxplatform

Youtube – Youtube.com/channel/UCJrgPLexmtA4hA6ux5GTpQQ

Medici Ventures

Patrick Byrne @OverstockCEO
Medici Ventures’ tZERO platform: OSTKP

https://www.mediciventures.com/
@medici_ventures Twitter
Business Inquiries USA / Global 801.947.3100
info@mediciventures.com
PR Inquiries USA / Global 801.947.3564
pr@mediciventures.com

https://www.tzero.com/
 >> Dinosaur Financial Group Account Creation
(Dinosaur Financial Group Account Creation)

Youtube: Patrick Byrne on Changing a Billion Lives, and Stopping Corruption with Blockchain – Full Interview

Compañia que fundó en 1999 www.overstock.com
Media Contact: pr@overstock.com Investor Contact: ir@overstock.com

Google: Consensus, Ted, TEDx
Bitcoin at 10: In Conversation with Adam Back and Patrick Byrne
Tokens > Kaleido (blockchain business cloud platform)
Ecosystem economy
Developing and accelerating blockchain technologies to democratize capital, eliminate middlemen, and re-humanize commerce.

Keywords: grainchain, Barbados, Zambia, Cripto, tokens, blockchain, Voatz, #Cryptocurrency

An Anarchist in Mormon Country: Trent Larson of Medici Land Governance
Email trent@trentlarson.com
or connect at LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/trentlarson

CRYPTOCURRENCIES

https://www.investopedia.com
https://www.coinbase.com/price
Compre o venda CFD de Criptomonedas con Plus500
https://www.plus500.es

https://coinmarketcap.com/all/views/all/

https://www.investing.com/crypto/currencies

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cryptocurrencies

https://coins.live/all-coins/

BitFlyer is a cryptocurrency exchange platform.

CipherTrace es una compañía de seguridad e investigaciones relativas a las monedas digitales

Comprar diversas criptomonedas a través de casas de cambio como (Coinbase, Kraken, Bitfinex y Bitstamp),Desvelamos como funciona
https://youtu.be/y7jyKqHaCFk

https://flyp.me/es/#/
Flyp.me, lanza un nuevo diseño para intercambios instantáneos
éstas son las mismas personas que lanzaron HolyTransaction, la primera billetera web de múltiples monedas en 2014.

https://www.territoriobitcoin.com/creamos-un-wallet-online-en-blokchain-info-capitulo-1/

crear criptomoneda

how-to-create-your-own-cryptocurrency

https://www.comprarbitcoins.org/crear-criptomoneda/

https://lifehacker.com/how-to-create-your-own-cryptocurrency-1825337462

CryptoLife will actually build a custom coin,
WalletBuilders has a similar service starting at 0.01 BTC as well as a free test version.

You can also create a token—what is essentially a smart contract—with or without a public ICO. Because tokens can represent any asset, from a concert ticket or voting right to funding via a crowdsale or a physical currency
This is faster, simpler, and cheaper than creating a coin because it doesn’t require the time and effort to build and maintain a new or forked blockchain and instead relies on the technology already in use for Bitcoin or Ethereum.

With CoinLaunch’s CoinCreator, for example, you’ll need to add the MetaMask extension—which connects you to the Ethereum network—to your browser and then follow their walk-through video to build your token and launch your ICO. The platform offers the option to create bonuses and vesting schedules for investors or even launch a token contract without a crowdsale. The token contract process is free, but CoinLaunch takes a commission from each ICO (4-10% depending on much money is raised).

NEM

NEM Cryptocurrency Explained (2018)
https://youtu.be/9lva_WU5aoE

NEM Nano Wallet – Simple Wallet (Windows) – Getting Started
https://youtu.be/U_i2_3w1YTY
NEM/XEM Simple wallet on NanoWallet Safe way to store XEM
https://youtu.be/go-q3iEIVH0

 

NEM (New Economy Movement). Moneda XEM
Otra diferencia está es que el algoritmo de NEM está basado en POI (Proof of Importance – Prueba de importancia) y no en POW (Proof of work – prueba de trabajo)
Iniciarse con NEM: la Nano Wallet
Tanto si quieres comprar XEM (la moneda de NEM), minar (aquí se llama cosechar) o usar las numerosas utilidades, lo primero que tenemos que hacer es descargar su software llamado Nano Wallet. Es gratuito y está disponible para Windows, Linux, Mac y Android. Se puede bajar aquí
https://www.nem.io/install.html
adquirirlo en los Exchanges. Los más populares, como Poloniex o Bittrex, tienen la moneda disponible.
al momento de escribir estas líneas el precio del XEM está a 0,19€
Cuentas con múltiples firmas (Multi-Signature account)
Igualmente podemos crear nuestro propio Token o criptomoneda sin tener conocimientos de programación. Muy útil para crear una ICO (Initial Coin Offering)
En este caso, al que pone el dinero, se le da una cantidad de tokens,
NEM es una Fundación con base en Singapur y Kuala Lumpur. El propósito de la Fundación es introducir, educar y promover el uso de la plataforma NEM a escala internacional,
Comunidad: https://forum.nem.io/

The only official option is the NEM official wallet, a desktop wallet that’s compatible with Windows, Mac, and Linux. However, if you’re not looking to take advantage of the complete NEM blockchain and are only looking to store XEM tokens you still have 2 more user friendly options.

Exodus – A great desktop wallet for Windows, Mac, and Linux. Exodus is super simple to use and also allows you to store other types of cryptocurrencies aside from XEM.

Coinomi – A popular mobile wallet for Android and iOS that can hold over 1500 different crypto assets. Coinomi has also launched a desktop version of its wallet, making it available for Windows, Mac, and Linux as well. 

 

Purchase via Binance (as Binance (allow you to buy any crypto with a credit card) and Exrates (XEM/USD).  

 

 

ACADEMY

bit2me

https://academy.bit2me.com/secciones/

Lubin cree que todo se irá ordenando. su empresa abrió una academia para enseñar a programar en esta tecnología. https://consensys.net/academy/

http://bitmoneda.com/

Cómo crear una criptomoneda con tu propia blockchain
https://www.comprarbitcoins.org/crear-criptomoneda/
https://lifehacker.com/how-to-create-your-own-cryptocurrency-1825337462


 

BLOCKCHAIN

Blockchain KeyWords:
Tecnología Ripple
Ethereum
Civil, periodismo descentralizado,
Slock, alquiler de propiedades y economía colaborativa
La’Zooz, similar a BlaBlaCar

Blockchain, tipos y casos de uso
https://youtu.be/juZIFHhzbuI

Entiende Bitcoin y Ethereum – Explicación técnica a fondo en español sobre Criptomonedas
https://youtu.be/YBNr69vrscw

Blockchain USE CASES – Programmer explains
https://youtu.be/PeV2JI0VjOs

Become a Blockchain Developer/Programmer – Everything You Need to Know
https://youtu.be/1njYc9ZO6WQ
¿Cómo usar Blockchain? | Oportunidades de Negocio para tu empresa
https://youtu.be/42v1urqbyo0

Blockchain, the future of money | Nicolas Cary | TEDxManchester
https://youtu.be/qdCCYVnxtW4

The tokenization of things | Matthew Roszak | TEDxSanFrancisco
https://youtu.be/Rto-earGcxg

BLOCKCHAIN ECOSYSTEMS

How the blockchain is changing money and business | Don Tapscott
https://youtu.be/Pl8OlkkwRpc
1) Protecting rights through immutable records
2) Creating a true sharing economy
3) Ending the remittance rip-off
4) Enabling citizens to own and monetize their data (& protect privacy)
5) Ensuring compensation for the creators of value
Example with music: Mycelia

http://bitmoneda.com/

Alastria
Otros usos de ‘blockchain’ que nadie esperaba | Alex Puig

¿Cómo utilizar Smart Contracts en Blockchain? Carlos Vivas Augier
Opinno academy

Entiende Bitcoin y Ethereum – Explicación técnica a fondo en español sobre Criptomonedas
https://youtu.be/YBNr69vrscw

HASHGRAPH

Hashgraph vs Blockchain | Is This Is The End of Bitcoin ?
https://youtu.be/5l3-voCGJ3U

HASHGRAPH
What is HashGraph and is it replacing Blockchain? Programmer explains.
https://youtu.be/SuL4DN2dA4E
www.academy.ivanontech.com

Hashgraph vs Blockchain | Hedera Hashgraph Tutorial | Hashgraph Technology | Edureka
https://youtu.be/hzxGIAvzNgM

 HASGRAPH

Hedera Hashgraph – ¿De qué se trata todo este furor?
https://youtu.be/pqTO0jVnelk
Hashgraph es furor en este momento y es muy diferente de Bitcoin y Ethereum. No es una cadena de bloques, pero ¿por qué es tan popular? Voy a proporcionar un resumen de cómo esto es fundamentalmente diferente.

HASGRAPH
Hashgraph Gossip protocol – Hashgraph consensus –
DLT Generations: circulo Crypto-currency – externo Ledgers – externo Contracts – ext. markets
Hashgraph
Dr. Leemon Baird x Harvard Talk – Hashgraph: New Directions for Blockchains & Distributed Ledgers
https://youtu.be/IjQkag6VOo0

BLOCKCHAIN

A list of links and articles that cover everything you could possibly want to know about Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies

Crypto Canon

Building Blocks and Basics

WTF is the blockchain? — understanding the problem it solves before defining it
by Mohit Mamoria
https://hackernoon.com/wtf-is-the-blockchain-1da89ba19348

Ever wonder how bitcoin (and other cryptocurrencies) actually work?
from 3Blue1Brown
https://youtu.be/bBC-nXj3Ng4

How the bitcoin protocol actually works
by Michael Nielsen
http://www.michaelnielsen.org/ddi/how-the-bitcoin-protocol-actually-works/

Ethereum in 25 minutes
by Vitalik Buterin
https://youtu.be/66SaEDzlmP4

How does Ethereum work, anyway? — how it functions at a technical level, without complex math
by Preethi Kasireddy
https://medium.com/@preethikasireddy/how-does-ethereum-work-anyway-22d1df506369

Decrypting crypto, from bitcoin and blockchain to ICOs
by Alex Rampell
https://a16z.com/2017/12/08/summit-crypto-alex-rampell/

An introduction to crypto
by Linda Xie
https://a16z.com/2018/05/04/intro-to-crypto/

Cryptographic hash function — what they are, properties of, etc.
by Khan Academy
https://youtu.be/0WiTaBI82Mc

Basic primer on blockchain — ledger basics, why it matters
by Chris Berg, Sinclair Davidson, and Jason Potts
https://medium.com/@cryptoeconomics/the-blockchain-economy-a-beginners-guide-to-institutional-cryptoeconomics-64bf2f2beec4

Basic terminology for Ethereum — from gas to dapps (distributed apps)
by Matt Condon
https://medium.com/@mattcondon/getting-up-to-speed-on-ethereum-63ed28821bbe

A basic glossary of terms — a few short and simple definitions
https://tangelo.co/insights/blog/techs-must-have-reference-guide-to-blockchain-and-cryptocurrency

Beginner’s guide series on cryptoassets (series) — from ethereum to litecoin
by Linda Xie
https://medium.com/@linda.xie/beginners-guide-series-on-cryptoassets-d897535d887 

Foundations (& History)

Bitcoin whitepaper (2009): A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System
by Satoshi Nakamoto
https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf

Ethereum whitepaper (2013+): A Next-Generation Smart Contract and Decentralized Application Platform
by Vitalik Buterin et al
https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper

The Byzantine Generals Problem (1982)
by Leslie Lamport, Robert Shostak, and Marshall Pease
https://people.eecs.berkeley.edu/~luca/cs174/byzantine.pdf

The Agoric papers series (1988)
by Mark Miller and K. Eric Drexler
https://agoric.com/references/#aos

The idea of smart contracts (1997)
by Nick Szabo
http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/rob/Courses/InformationInSpeech/CDROM/Literature/LOTwinterschool2006/szabo.best.vwh.net/idea.html

Why bitcoin matters (2014)
by Marc Andreessen
https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2014/01/21/why-bitcoin-matters/

Bitcoin’s academic pedigree (2017)
by Arvind Narayanan and Jeremy Clark
https://queue.acm.org/detail.cfm?id=3136559

Key Concepts

Beyond the bitcoin bubble
by Steven Johnson
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/16/magazine/beyond-the-bitcoin-bubble.html

Crypto tokens: A breakthrough in open network design
by Chris Dixon
https://medium.com/@cdixon/crypto-tokens-a-breakthrough-in-open-network-design-e600975be2ef 

Crypto tokens and the coming age of protocol innovation
by Albert Wenger
http://continuations.com/post/148098927445/crypto-tokens-and-the-coming-age-of-protocol 

Fat protocols
by Joel Monegro
https://www.usv.com/blog/fat-protocols 

Cryptocurrencies, app coins, and investing in protocols
Olaf Carson-Wee, Chris Dixon, and Sonal Chokshi
https://a16z.com/2017/04/03/cryptocurrencies-protocols-appcoins/

Getting applications into people’s hands
Juan Benet and Chris Dixon
https://a16z.com/2017/09/14/networks-protocols-labs-tokens/

Blockchain: what is it good for? — including smart contracts
by Ed Felten
http://freedom-to-tinker.com/2018/02/26/blockchain-what-is-it-good-for/

How the U.S. government used blockchain to fight fraud
by Kathryn Haun
https://youtu.be/507wn9VcSAE 

Bitcoin network effects
by Elad Gil
http://blog.eladgil.com/2017/12/bitcoin-network-effects_11.html

Keepers: workers that maintain blockchain networks — when designed correctly, tokens can act like rocket-fuel for driving network effects by incentivizing desired behaviors
by Ryan Zurrer
https://medium.com/@rzurrer/keepers-workers-that-maintain-blockchain-networks-a40182615b66

The quiet master of cryptocurrency — Nick Szabo in conversation with Naval Ravikant
by Tim Ferris
https://tim.blog/2017/06/04/nick-szabo/

Why crypto tokens matter
Fred Ehrsam and Chris Dixon
https://a16z.com/2017/09/28/cryptocurrencies-networks-tokens/

What are cryptonetworks and why are tokens fundamental? — with full deck
by Nick Grossman
https://www.nickgrossman.is/2018/cryptonetworks-and-why-tokens-are-fundamental/

Why it’s hard to “get” bitcoin: the blockchain spectrum
by Dhruv Bansal
https://blog.unchained-capital.com/blockchain-spectrum-806847e1c575

Money, blockchains, and social scalability
by Nick Szabo
http://unenumerated.blogspot.com/2017/02/money-blockchains-and-social-scalability.html

What do we mean by “blockchains are trustless”?
by Preethi Kasireddy
https://medium.com/@preethikasireddy/eli5-what-do-we-mean-by-blockchains-are-trustless-aa420635d5f6 

Why decentralization matters — from eras of the internet to cryptonetworks
by Chris Dixon
https://medium.com/@cdixon/why-decentralization-matters-5e3f79f7638e

The meaning of decentralization — but what does that actually mean? nuances, depth
by Vitalik Buterin
https://medium.com/@VitalikButerin/the-meaning-of-decentralization-a0c92b76a274

Quantifying decentralization — we must be able to measure blockchain decentralization before we can improve it
by Balaji Srinivasan and Leland Lee
https://news.earn.com/quantifying-decentralization-e39db233c28e

The truth about blockchain — framework for adoption to help big company executives understand state of development; strategic investments; challenges, resources, processes to facilitate adoption
by Marco Iansiti and Karim Lakhani
https://hbr.org/2017/01/the-truth-about-blockchain

The slow death of the firm
by Nick Tomaino
https://thecontrol.co/the-slow-death-of-the-firm-1bd6cc81286b

Vitalik Buterin, creator of Ethereum — Unchained: big ideas from the worlds of blockchain and cryptocurrency
by Laura Shin
https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/unchained-big-ideas-from-worlds-blockchain-cryptocurrency/id1123922160

Mental models for understanding tokens
Nick Tomaino and Chris Dixon
https://a16z.com/2018/01/21/mental-models-tokens-crypto-trends/

Hard forks, soft forks, defaults, and coercion — illustrating fork types, benefits, addressing criticisms
by Vitalik Buterin
https://vitalik.ca/general/2017/03/14/forks_and_markets.html

Governance

An overview of governance in blockchains — introduction slides to a working paper
by Odysseas Sclavounis and Nic Carter
https://www.docdroid.net/ddz6VzP/overview-governance-blockchains-nc-zcon.pdf

Governance deep dive — slides from Blockchain at Berkeley
https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/10cLFnYaR0r58DyPVYwMgJq3nJOFVkO02hxJf1hxGnJ0/edit?usp=sharing
by Alexandra Tran and Steven Elleman

The myth of the irrational token holder — why blockchain governance doesn’t fit squarely into any existing model
by Kathleen Breitman
https://medium.com/@kathleenbreit/the-myth-of-the-irrational-token-holder-c12438709afd 

Blockchain governance/ governance 101 — talk from Ethereum Foundation at BeyondBlock Taipei 2017
by Vlad Zamfir
https://youtu.be/9RtSod8EXn4

Blockchain governance — design components, approaches, suggestions
by Fred Ehrsam
https://medium.com/@FEhrsam/blockchain-governance-programming-our-future-c3bfe30f2d74

Against on-chain governance — refuting (and rebuking) the above post
by Vlad Zamfir
https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/against-on-chain-governance-a4ceacd040ca

On-chain vote buying and the rise of dark DAOs — on on-chain voting and governance
by Philip Daian, Tyler Kell, Ian Miers, and Ari Juels
http://hackingdistributed.com/2018/07/02/on-chain-vote-buying/

Thoughts on governance and network effects
Luke Duncan
https://blog.aragon.one/thoughts-on-governance-and-network-effects-f40fda3e3f98

Notes on blockchain governance
by Vitalik Buterin
http://vitalik.ca/general/2017/12/17/voting.html

Tezos position paper — a self-amending crypto-ledger 
by Arthur and Kathleen Breitman
https://www.tezos.com/static/papers/position_paper.pdf

Cosmos governance and constitution — includes principles used by other cryptonetworks as well
by Cosmos Network/ Interchain Foundation et al
https://github.com/cosmos/constitution/wiki/Governance-and-Constitution

Privacy and Security

Privacy on the blockchain
by Vitalik Buterin
https://blog.ethereum.org/2016/01/15/privacy-on-the-blockchain/

Securing smart contracts (series) — 6 Solidity vulnerabilities and how to avoid them
from Loom
https://medium.com/loom-network/how-to-secure-your-smart-contracts-6-solidity-vulnerabilities-and-how-to-avoid-them-part-1-c33048d4d17d
https://medium.com/loom-network/how-to-secure-your-smart-contracts-6-solidity-vulnerabilities-and-how-to-avoid-them-part-2-730db0aa4834

Ethereum smart contract best practices
by ConsenSys Diligence
https://consensys.github.io/smart-contract-best-practices/

Town Crier: an authenticated data feed for smart contracts
by Fan Zhang, Ethan Cecchetti, Kyle Croman, Ari Juels, and Elaine Shi
https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/168.pdf

Devcon3 panel on formal verification
Phil Daian, Everett Hildenbrandt, Yoichi Hirai, and Loi Luu, moderated by Reto Trinkler
https://youtu.be/DrDIcirrhWM

What are zk-SNARKs?
by Jay Graber
https://z.cash/technology/zksnarks.html

Introduction to zero-knowledge proofs — Zero Knowledge podcast episode 21, examples and underlying concepts
by Fredrik Harrysson and Anna Rose
https://www.zeroknowledge.fm/21

Understanding zero-knowledge proofs — a summary based on the above episode of Zero Knowledge (with Fredrik Harrysson and Anna Rose)
by Nicole Zhu
https://blog.goodaudience.com/understanding-zero-knowledge-proofs-through-simple-examples-df673f796d99

Zk-SNARKs: under the hood (series) — assumes basic knowledge of zk-SNARKs (zero-knowledge succinct non-interactive argument of knowledge)
by Vitalik Buterin
https://medium.com/@VitalikButerin/zk-snarks-under-the-hood-b33151a013f6

STARKs, part I: proofs with polynomials — general-purpose technology that can be used for all sorts of use cases ranging from verifiable computation to privacy-preserving cryptocurrency
by Vitalik Buterin
https://vitalik.ca/general/2017/11/09/starks_part_1.html

Scalable, transparent, and post-quantum secure computational integrity — on transparent zk-SNARKs (zk-STARKs) as a solution to the tension between personal privacy and institutional integrity
by Eli Ben-Sasson, Iddo Bentov, Yinon Horesh, and Michael Riabzev
https://eprint.iacr.org/2018/046.pdf

Succinct non-interactive zero knowledge for a von Neumann Architecture
by Eli Ben-Sasson, Alessandro Chiesa, Eran Tromer, and Madars Virza
https://eprint.iacr.org/2013/879.pdf

Scaling

Blockchains don’t scale — not today, at least… but there’s hope
by Preethi Kasireddy
https://hackernoon.com/blockchains-dont-scale-not-today-at-least-but-there-s-hope-2cb43946551a

The decentralized-consistent-scale (DCS) triangle — on the “trilemma” of scalability, tradeoffs between decentralized, consistent, or scalable
by Trent McConaghy
https://blog.bigchaindb.com/the-dcs-triangle-5ce0e9e0f1dc 

Models for scaling trustless computation — on the “trilemma” of scalability, tradeoffs between safety, scalability, and decentralization of block production
by Kyle Samani
https://multicoin.capital/2018/02/23/models-scaling-trustless-computation/

What are zk-SNARKs and why do they matter? (a fable) — a tale of Ethereum scalability
by Eric Gorski
https://blog.gnosis.pm/the-parrot-and-the-viper-a-tale-of-ethereum-scalability-3d121df3de87

Platform currencies may soon be obsolete — here is my claim: within 5 years the biggest cryptocurrency by market cap will be an application token
by Aleksandr Bulkin
https://blog.coinfund.io/platform-currencies-may-soon-be-obsolete-78d9b263d902

The importance of layer two — an HTTP of bitcoin and blockchains
by Elizabeth Stark
https://youtu.be/3PcR4HWJnkY

What is the Lightning Network and how can it help bitcoin scale?
by Elizabeth Stark
https://coincenter.org/entry/what-is-the-lightning-network

Making sense of Ethereum’s Layer 2 scaling solutions: state channels, Plasma, and Truebit
by Josh Stark
https://medium.com/l4-media/making-sense-of-ethereums-layer-2-scaling-solutions-state-channels-plasma-and-truebit-22cb40dcc2f4

On managing tradeoffs between Layer 1 and Layer 2 innovations
by Vitalik Buterin
https://vitalik.ca/general/2018/08/26/layer_1.html

Scaling Tezos — scaling with recursive SNARKs (succinct non-interactive zero-knowledge proofs of knowledge)
by Arthur Breitman
https://hackernoon.com/scaling-tezo-8de241dd91bd

Ethereum Foundation research initiatives — primary topics in both pure and applied research
by Ethereum Foundation
http://notes.eth.sg/CwIwZgbAjADAxgUwLQEMUIKxOCsWCcIEwShAHCgEwJj4qyVA

Ethereum scalability research and development subsidy programs
by Vitalik Buterin
https://blog.ethereum.org/2018/01/02/ethereum-scalability-research-development-subsidy-programs/

A beginner’s guide to Ethermint
by Tendermint
https://blog.cosmos.network/a-beginners-guide-to-ethermint-38ee15f8a6f4

Construction of a plasma chain 0x1
by David Knott
https://blog.omisego.network/construction-of-a-plasma-chain-0x1-614f6ebd1612

Accounts, transactions, gas, and block gas limits in Ethereum
by Hudson Jameson
https://hudsonjameson.com/2017-06-27-accounts-transactions-gas-ethereum/

Interplanetary linked computing: separating Merkle Computing from blockchain computational courts
by Simon de la Rouviere
https://media.consensys.net/interplanetary-linked-computing-separating-merkle-computing-from-blockchain-computational-courts-1ade201ecf8a

Ethereum sharding: overview and finality
by Hsiao-Wei Wang
https://medium.com/@icebearhww/ethereum-sharding-and-finality-65248951f649

Consensus

What it means to have consensus in a distributed system — brief basics of distributed systems and distributed “consensus”
by Preethi Kasireddy
https://medium.com/@preethikasireddy/lets-take-a-crack-at-understanding-distributed-consensus-dad23d0dc95

Decentralization in bitcoin and ethereum
by Adem Efe Gencer, Soumya Basu, Ittay Eyal, Robbert van Renesse, and Emin Gün Sirer
http://hackingdistributed.com/2018/01/15/decentralization-bitcoin-ethereum/

A proof of stake design philosophy
by Vitalik Buterin
https://medium.com/@VitalikButerin/a-proof-of-stake-design-philosophy-506585978d51

Delegrated proof of stake: Features and tradeoffs
by Myles Snider
https://multicoin.capital/2018/03/02/delegated-proof-stake-features-tradeoffs/

Seeking consensus on consensus — DPOS (delegated proof of stake) and the Two Generals’ problem
by Ian Grigg
https://steemit.com/eos/@iang/seeking-consensus-on-consensus-dpos-or-delegated-proof-of-stake-and-the-two-generals-problem

Consensus Compare: Casper vs. Tendermint; Tendermint BFT vs. EOS dPoS
from Tendermint
https://blog.cosmos.network/consensus-compare-casper-vs-tendermint-6df154ad56ae
https://blog.cosmos.network/consensus-compare-tendermint-bft-vs-eos-dpos-46c5bca7204b

Ethereum Casper 101
by Jon Choi
https://medium.com/@jonchoi/ethereum-casper-101-7a851a4f1eb0

The history of Casper  (series)
by Vlad Zamfir
https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/the-history-of-casper-part-1-59233819c9a9

Inflation and participation in stake-based token protocols
by Doug Petkanics
https://medium.com/@petkanics/inflation-and-participation-in-stake-based-token-protocols-1593688612bf

Cryptoeconomics, Cryptoassets, and Investing

Making sense of cryptoeconomics — the term and the concept
by Josh Stark
https://hackernoon.com/making-sense-of-cryptoeconomics-5edea77e4e8d

A crash course in mechanism design for cryptoeconomic applications — understanding the basic fundamentals of cryptoeconomics
from BlockChannel
https://medium.com/blockchannel/a-crash-course-in-mechanism-design-for-cryptoeconomic-applications-a9f06ab6a976

The security token thesis — when a broad array of assets moves to blockchain records of ownership (represented by tokens)
by Stephen McKeon
https://hackernoon.com/the-security-token-thesis-4c5904761063

Cryptoasset valuations — a theory and framework for evaluating
by Chris Burniske
https://medium.com/@cburniske/cryptoasset-valuations-ac83479ffca7

An (institutional) investor’s take on cryptoassets
by John Pfeffer
https://s3.eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/john-pfeffer/An+Investor%27s+Take+on+Cryptoassets+v6.pdf

Comments on the above (tweetstorm) — network effects?; programmability as feature of money
by Kyle Samani
https://twitter.com/KyleSamani/status/943277077037506560

On value, velocity, and monetary theory — a new approach to cryptoasset valuations
by Alex Evans
https://medium.com/blockchannel/on-value-velocity-and-monetary-theory-a-new-approach-to-cryptoasset-valuations-32c9b22e3b6f

On the quantity theory of money for tokens — take from a former research officer at Federal Reserve Bank (Minneapolis)
by Warren Weber
https://blog.coinfund.io/the-quantity-theory-of-money-for-tokens-dbfbc5472423

On medium-of-exchange token valuations
by Vitalik Buterin
http://vitalik.ca/general/2017/10/17/moe.html

Understanding token velocity
by Kyle Samani
https://multicoin.capital/2017/12/08/understanding-token-velocity/

A process for evaluating new tokens
by Nick Tomaino
https://thecontrol.co/our-process-for-evaluating-new-tokens-4627ed97f500

Token classification framework — a multi-dimensional tool for understanding and classifying crypto tokens
by Thomas Euler
http://www.untitled-inc.com/the-token-classification-framework-a-multi-dimensional-tool-for-understanding-and-classifying-crypto-tokens/

On cryptocurrency communities
by Nick Tomaino
https://thecontrol.co/on-cryptocurrency-communities-f592b5ce6b0b

Fat protocols are not an investment thesis
by Jake Brukhman
https://blog.coinfund.io/fat-protocols-are-not-an-investment-thesis-17c8837c2734

Skin-in-the-game coins
by Ryan Selkis
https://medium.com/tbis-weekly-bits/skin-in-the-game-coins-da0afdfdc650

Fundraising and Token Distribution

Thoughts on tokens
by Balaji Srinivasan
https://news.earn.com/thoughts-on-tokens-436109aabcbe

Funding the evolution of blockchains
by Fred Ehrsam
https://medium.com/@FEhrsam/funding-the-evolution-of-blockchains-87d160988481

The bitcoin model for crowdfunding
by Naval Ravikant
https://startupboy.com/2014/03/09/the-bitcoin-model-for-crowdfunding/

How to make bonding curves for the economic web — a novel token distribution mechanism for building healthy communities, a technical primer
by Slava Balasanov
https://hackernoon.com/how-to-make-bonding-curves-for-continuous-token-models-3784653f8b17

Separating the staking token from the fee token — introducing the Photon (the Hard Spoon explained)
by Tendermint
https://blog.cosmos.network/cosmos-fee-token-introducing-the-photon-8a62b2f51aa

Explanation of DAICOs
by Vitalik Buterin
https://ethresear.ch/t/explanation-of-daicos/465

The SAFT Project
https://saftproject.com/

Regulatory environment and considerations — updates and explainers
from Coin Center
https://coincenter.org/our-work

Decentralized Exchanges

State of decentralized exchanges, 2018
by Nathan Sexer
https://media.consensys.net/state-of-decentralized-exchanges-2018-276dad340c79

Networked liquidity — projects solving the chicken and egg problem
by Radar Relay
https://medium.com/radarrelay/networked-liquidity-2030d85af897

List of decentralized exchanges — of cryptocurrencies and tokens (does not yet include column for degree of decentralization)
https://github.com/PYMERVAL/decentradexchange

Stablecoins

Stablecoins: A holy grail in digital currency
by Nick Tomaino
https://thecontrol.co/stablecoins-a-holy-grail-in-digital-currency-b64f3371e111

An overview of stablecoins
by Myles Snider
https://multicoin.capital/2018/01/17/an-overview-of-stablecoins/

The search for a stable cryptocurrency
by Vitalik Buterin
https://blog.ethereum.org/2014/11/11/search-stable-cryptocurrency/

Maker for dummies: a plain English explanation of the Dai stablecoin
by Gregory DiPrisco
https://medium.com/cryptolinks/maker-for-dummies-a-plain-english-explanation-of-the-dai-stablecoin-e4481d79b90

Cryptoeconomic Primitives and Crypto Goods: Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), Cryptocollectibles, Token Curated Registries (TCRs), and Curation Markets

The emergence of cryptoeconomic primitives — definitions and building blocks of a token-based economy
by Jacob Home
https://medium.com/@jacobscott/the-emergence-of-cryptoeconomic-primitives-14ef3300cc10

Token lexicon — buzzwords related to curation markets and collectibles
by Billy Rennekamp
https://medium.com/@billyrennekamp/token-lexicon-b4ed9a4ce363

Smart media tokens
from Steemit
https://smt.steem.io/smt-whitepaper.pdf

Digital pets that don’t die
by Elaine Ou
https://elaineou.com/2017/12/03/digital-pets-that-dont-die/

Will cryptocurrencies be the art market’s next big thing?
by Scott Reyburn
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/13/arts/cryptocurrency-art-market.html

Digital collectibles and the weird future of “digibles”
by Josh Stark
https://hackernoon.com/digital-collectibles-and-the-weird-future-of-digibles-f75f4bf0f9aa

Cryptocollectibles are XLNT, but nobody knows what’s next
by Matt Condon
https://medium.com/xlnt-art/cryptocollectibles-are-xlnt-but-nobody-knows-whats-next-a7892b311637

Rare pepe — what happens when you combine a crypto-asset with a meme and a trading card
by Fred Wilson
http://avc.com/2017/05/rare-pepe/

Introducing curation markets — trade popularity of memes and information (with code!)
by Simon de la Rouviere
https://medium.com/@simondlr/introducing-curation-markets-trade-popularity-of-memes-information-with-code-70bf6fed9881

Curation markets (tweetstorm) — summary and implications of
by Fred Ehrsam
https://twitter.com/FEhrsam/status/958388803655184386

Early UIs for curation markets (tweetstorm) — categories and some projects using markets to curate human readable information
by Jesse Walden
https://twitter.com/jessewldn/status/958733889643696128

Making token curated registries (decentralized production of high-quality lists) work in practice — voting is the mechanism at the center, but information environment matters too
by Alex Tabarrok
https://medium.com/wireline/when-can-token-curated-registries-actually-work-%C2%B9-2ad908653aaf

Token curated registries — a more formal but less-than-mathematical view of token-curated registries
by Mike Goldin
https://medium.com/@ilovebagels/token-curated-registries-1-0-61a232f8dac7

Token curated registry design patterns — design thinking and use case exploration for these building blocks of decentralized applications based on fungible tokens and digital scarcity
by Matt Lockyer
https://medium.com/coinmonks/token-curated-registry-tcr-design-patterns-4de6d18efa15

Token curated registries that don’t work — TCRs are a holy grail of decentralized computing (all about trustless systems), but have a number of subtle but significant problems
by Aleksandr Bulkin
https://blog.coinfund.io/curate-this-token-curated-registries-that-dont-work-d76370b77150

Token curated registry design flaws — why blockchain needs reputation
by Slava Balasanov
https://blog.relevant.community/tcr-design-flaws-why-blockchain-needs-reputation-c5771d97b210

Building ‘Google for the economic web’ on the Ethereum blockchain
by Maciej Olpinski
https://blog.userfeeds.io/building-google-for-the-economic-web-on-the-ethereum-blockchain-de27cb3d23b

Developer Tutorials, Practical Guides, and Maker Stories

Learn to code Ethereum dapps by building your own game — designed for beginners to Solidity (even if you’ve never coded with Solidity before)
https://cryptozombies.io/

How to code your own cryptokitties-style game on Ethereum
by James Martin Duffy
https://medium.com/loom-network/how-to-code-your-own-cryptokitties-style-game-on-ethereum-7c8ac86a4eb3

Learning Solidity — commit-reveal voting
by Karl Floersch
https://karl.tech/learning-solidity-part-2-voting/

The hitchhiker’s guide to smart contracts in Ethereum
by Manuel Araoz
https://blog.zeppelin.solutions/the-hitchhikers-guide-to-smart-contracts-in-ethereum-848f08001f05 

Introduction to zk-SNARKs with examples — an overview of zk-SNARKs from a practical viewpoint
Christian Lundkvist
https://media.consensys.net/introduction-to-zksnarks-with-examples-3283b554fc3b

zkSNARKs: driver’s ed — practical beginner’s guide to creating, proving, verifying in contracts
by Joseph Stockermans
https://github.com/jstoxrocky/zksnarks_example

Epicenter — a trove of interviews with many different blockchain project leads
https://epicenter.tv/episodes/

The Ceremony — Radiolab podcast featuring story of Zcash
with Morgen Peck, Peter Todd, Peter Van Valkenburgh, Zooko Wilcox; by Molly Webster and Matt Kielty
http://www.radiolab.org/story/ceremony/

Other Resources – Newsletters/ Updates

Token Daily — place to share/discover news, launches/ product updates, articles, discussions, and deep-dive Q&As with experts
by Soona Amhaz, Ari Paul, Ryan Selkis, Dennis Stücken, Erik Torenberg, Ben Tossell, Linda Xie, et al
https://www.tokendaily.co/type/deep-dive
https://www.tokendaily.co/type/launches
https://www.tokendaily.co/type/discussions

Week in Ethereum News — tracking developments in the Ethereum ecosystem
by Evan Van Ness
http://www.weekinethereum.com/

The Control — on the entrepreneurs, projects and protocols that are putting control of power in the hands of the people
by 1confirmation
https://www.getrevue.co/profile/control

Token Economy — tracking new developments in distributed ledger tech
by Stefano Bernardi and Yannick Roux
https://tokeneconomy.co/

Proof of Work — projects and progress in crypto, also a view from China
by Eric Meltzer
https://tinyletter.com/proofofwork/archive

Other Resources – Courses

Cryptocurrency (2018)
by Susan Athey and Kathryn Haun
http://explorecourses.stanford.edu/search?view=catalog&filter-coursestatus-Active=on&q=MGTECON%20515:%20Cryptocurrency&academicYear=20172018

Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies (2015)
by Arvind Narayan, Joseph Bonneau, Edward Felten, Andrew Miller
https://piazza.com/princeton/spring2015/btctech/home

Advanced topics in computer science: Bitcoin and cryptocurrency technologies (2014)
by Arvind Narayan
http://randomwalker.info/teaching/fall-2014-bitcoin/

A graduate course in applied cryptography (2017-2018)
by Dan Boneh and Victor Shoup
http://toc.cryptotextbook.net/home